A Guide To Chess For Kids

Chess is a simple board game. The origin of chess isn’t exactly known but a game similar to chess has been played in India for over 2 thousand years. Any game requires strategy but in chess strategy is everything.

Chess is an amazing game for young kids as it makes their mind sharper and efficient. Kids can learn a lot from playing chess on a regular basis. There are a number of benefits for kids by playing chess as it helps them focus and concentrate their mind.

Basic Rules

The main goal in a game of chess is to take the opposition king before your king gets taken. When the king is finally blocked from making any moves, it’s called a ‘Checkmate’.

There are a total of 16 pieces in your army: The King, The Queen, 2 Rooks, 2 Bishops, 2 Knights, and 8 Pawns.

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All the pieces have a different movement pattern. 


The king is the most powerful and yet the weakest piece on the board apart from the pawns. The king can move just one block in any direction. King can’t be moved to the block where it can be taken out in the next move.


The Queen is by far the strongest piece on the board. The Queen can move in any direction –Up, Down, Diagonal and as many blocks she wants. Although Queen can move as far as she wants in any direction, it cant move over pieces.


Rooks can move similar to the queen apart from moving diagonally. Rooks can move as far as possible in a straight line on the board.


Bishops are much like the queen minus the rook. Rook only moves in a straight line, Bishop can only move diagonally.


Knight is a special piece as it’s the only one that can move over the pieces on the board as long as the final position on the board is not occupied or is captured by the opponent’s piece. Knight can move 2 and a half block i.e. it can move 2 blocks in any direction and then move it to the right or the left block from there.


Pawns are the smallest and weakest pieces on the board. Although they don’t have any special movement like queen or knight, they do capture and move differently. Pawns move 1 block forward at a time but capture one block diagonally. Also, Pawn can move 2 blocks in their very first move.

Now, these are the basic movements of each of the pieces. Both of the opponents will have the same pieces place in similar positions in front of them. Within the rules of the games, there are millions of different ways a game can go.

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